Moldova:

Located between Ukraine and European Union member Romania, the Republic of Moldova is at the heart of a challenging geopolitical situation.

Although the country emerged as an independent republic following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Russian forces have remained on Moldovan territory to the east of the Dniester River, supporting the breakaway region of Transnistria. As a result, Russia continues to play an important role in Moldovan politics. The territory of Transnistria unilaterally declared independence from Moldova in 1990 but its independence has never been recognised by the international community.

Corruption remains a major problem for Moldova and affects all levels of socio-political life. Moldova is ranked 123 out of 176 countries for corruption according to the Transparency International Corruption Perception Index 2016.

Moldova faces a number of challenges when tackling both corruption and the growing domestic political rift between pro-Russia and pro-EU groups. However, the country is making progress towards democracy and European legal, trade and business ethics standards.

Aided by a new generation of progressive politicians and business people, the young state of Moldova is firmly committed to the path of Euro-integration. In recent years, it has come a long way towards rapprochement with the EU and signed the Association Agreement with the European Union in 2014.